Pemba, Mozambique (1953). B.A. in history (1974), University of Lourenço Marques. M.A. in history (1976), Classical University of Lisbon. Professor and curriculum-developer in history for primary and secondary schools. Co-author of history textbooks. Since 1986, Director of the Museums Department of the Ministry of Culture. Study tours of museums in the United Kingdom, Sweden and the United States of America, among other countries.